A large number of Russians have debts to repay loans and pay utility bills, which may be the reason for imposing a ban on crossing the border of the Russian Federation. When planning trips abroad, you should make sure that there are no debts. How can I check the information about the presence of a ban on leaving Russia? Can I leave the country with debts?
Is it possible to leave the limits of the Russian Federation with debts
The Federal Law “On the Procedure for Exiting the Russian Federation and Entering the Russian Federation” of August 15, 1996 No. 114-ФЗ defines the rules for crossing the Russian border. According to this legislative act, every Russian citizen is guaranteed the right to free exit from Russia, as well as unhindered entry into the country. However, Article 15 states that it may be temporarily limited for the following reasons:
- availability of access to classified information;
- the passage of alternative or military service (until its termination);
- the availability of judicial proceedings until the sentencing;
- departure of punishment for the crime committed;
- evasion of obligations imposed in court;
- false information when applying for a passport;
- work in the FSB;
Thus, it is impossible to travel abroad with debts in cases when the debtor’s case is submitted to the court, as well as when evading the obligation to pay the debt before its full repayment.
At the same time, the rules governing the departure of debtors abroad are determined by the Federal Law “On Enforcement Proceedings” of 02.10.2007 N 229-ФЗ. Article 67 states that a temporary restriction is imposed if there is a debt of more than 10 thousand rubles or at the request of the recoverer.
A temporary ban on crossing the border can be imposed or lifted only on the basis of a court order, and the Federal Bailiffs Service (FSSP) is only engaged in its execution. A copy of the resolution is sent to the debtor, as well as to the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and other migration control authorities.
Only a court has the right to impose a temporary restriction on travel abroad.
What types of arrears prevent from going abroad
The following types of arrears may impede travel abroad:
- bank loans;
- loans in microfinance organizations;
- debts to individuals and legal entities appointed in court;
- Payment of utility services;
- administrative fines (traffic police, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Border Guard Service, the Russian customs, the veterinary control service, the labor inspectorate, etc.).
The reason for filing an application to the court is non-payment of debt for 6 consecutive months. The reason for imposing a ban is not the debt itself, but the fact of evading its repayment.
How to check the availability of debts
There are several ways to check the availability of debts.
The simplest and most understandable of them is the verification through the FSSP website in the section “Databank of executive proceedings”. From individuals is required only the introduction of the region of residence, name, surname and date of birth. Also, anyone can request information on the availability of enforcement proceedings at a toll-free multichannel phone number: 8 (800) 250–39–32.
Debts can be checked through the following Internet resources:
- portal of public services (all types of debt);
- website of the Federal Tax Service ;
- traffic police website ;
- The site of the Central Bank of Russia .
In addition, information on debt for utilities is published on the websites of management companies.
How can you go abroad with debts
The most reliable method of going abroad is to pay off debt and lift the ban on temporary departure from the Russian Federation. After payment of the debt you need to present to the FSSP receipts confirming its payment. The restriction will be lifted at least in 10 working days.
An emergency lifting of the ban is also possible if the debtor needs to leave due to undergoing a course of medical treatment abroad or a business trip. To do this, you also need to contact the FSSP and present papers confirming the purpose of the trip. As a rule, the service is in the position of the debtor and removes the restriction.
After the repayment of the debt payment receipts are presented in the FSSP
The Internet contains a lot of information that you can travel abroad with debts through the territory of Belarus, Kazakhstan, as well as Lithuania and Latvia when traveling by train to Kaliningrad. These methods are illegal. The facts of such violations will be notified to the Border Guard and the FSSP. Therefore, leaving the territory of the Russian Federation with debts without prior approval of the Bailiff Service is fraught with new penalties and new court proceedings.
Remember that you can freely leave the Russian Federation only if you fully repay existing debts.
If there are debts to citizens of the Russian Federation, a temporary restriction may be imposed on the crossing of the Russian border. To avoid unpleasant situations, you should know in advance the presence of debts and, if possible, pay them off.